When working with TensorFlow, you might have faced AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ error. This error occurs because of an attribute known as run_eagerly when its value is set to False. You might know that there are two versions of TensorFlow ( 1.x and 2.x). In TensorFlow 1.x, we have to manually set the parameter value while in TensorFlow 2.x, the value is set automatically. In this short article, we will learn the reasons for getting AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ error and will discuss how we can solve it using various methods.

## AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ – Possible Solutions

Mostly, this error occurs if you are using TensorFlow version 1.x because the run_eagerly attribute in TensorFlow 1.x is set to False. So, we need to specify explicitly the value of run_eagerly to True in order to get rid of AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ error.

In TensorFlow version 2.x, the value of run_eagerly is set to True so we don’t need to specify explicitly. Let us now jump into possible solutions.

### Solution-1: Enable eager_execution

If you are using TensorFlow 1.x, you need to explicitly enable the eager_executation. You can check the version of TensorFlow using the following commands.

```
import tensorflow
print(tensorflow.__version__)
```

This will return the version of the TensorFlow. If you are using version 1.x, then you need to enable the eager_execution. You can use the following commands in order to enable it.

```
# enable the eager execution
tf.enable_eager_execution(config=None, device_policy=None, execution_mode=None)
```

You can learn more about enabling eager_execuation from their official documentation.

This will help you to solve the issue.

### Solution-2: Invoke run_eargerly function

If you are using TensorFlow 2.x but still getting this error then you need to invoke the run_eargerly function. Although, the run_eagerly is set to True in TensorFlow 2.x by default by in some cases, we need to specify as well.

Run the following commands in order to set the run_eargerly function to True.

```
# running eargerly function
tf.config.run_functions_eagerly(run_eagerly)
```

You can read more about the run_functions_eagerly from their official documentation.

Hopefully, this will help you to get rid of AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ error.

### Solution-3: Upgrade TensorFlow

If you are using TensorFlow version 1.x, then you can upgrade it to 2.x in order to get rid of the error.

Here are some of the useful commands to upgrade TensorFlow.

```
# using pip 3 command
pip3 install --upgrade tensorflow==2.4
# using pip command
pip install --upgrade tensorflow==2.4
# if you are using jupyter notebook
!pip3 install --upgrade tensorflow==2.4
# if you are using conda version
conda install --upgrade tensorflow==2.4
```

This will hopefully remove the error.

## Understanding the AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ error

Let us now try to understand what the error actually means and how we can interpret and understand such errors. Similar to any other Python error, this error also has two main parts. The first part of the error shows the category of the error. For example, this error belongs to the attribute error category which means there is something wrong with the attribute of an object.

The second part of the error gives more specific information about the error. For example, it clearly says that the Tensor object does not have the attribute numpy.

### What is Tensor in TensorFlow?

A tensor is a basic data structure used in TensorFlow that represents multidimensional arrays or matrices. Tensors are the fundamental building blocks of TensorFlow calculations and can be regarded of as a higher-dimensional version of vectors and matrices. Tensors are used in TensorFlow to represent the input data, model parameters, and intermediate and final calculation results. Tensors are immutable, meaning once they are generated, their contents cannot be changed.

Here is an example of 1D Tensor.

Here is an example of a 2D Tensor in TensorFlow.

## Summary

In this short article, we discussed how we can solve the AttributeError: ‘Tensor’ object has no attribute ‘numpy’ error using various possible methods. Moreover, we also discussed the reasons for getting the error.

## Related issues

- ValueError: setting an array element with a sequence in Python
- TypeError: only integer scalar arrays can be converted to a scalar index
- Typeerror: string indices must be integers